Dune ecosystems

RESTORATION OF DUNE ECOSYSTEMS IN THE COMMUNITY OF VALENCIA

The Community of Valencia is dotted with a set of coastal dune ecosystems that run along its coast from the North to the South. These are highly threatened ecosystems in the regional context due to growing pressures from tourism and urban growth, so currently few dune systems remain more or less mature and well preserved in this region.

This type of ecosystem has very special living conditions: the vegetation face strong winds, aridity, salinity, etc. so the species that inhabit these dunes are exclusive to these environments. All the dune habitats of Community are declared as SCI (Sites of Community Importance). The latest models published by the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Food and Environment indicate that the level of the sea will rise in our coasts around 1 meter at the end of the present century, and it will take to the flooding of low-lying coasts and to the loss of high value agricultural soils. Given the predicted scenarios of climate change for Spain, well preserved low-lying coasts are the best guarantee to prevent the encroachment upon the land by the sea.

HABITAT CONSERVATION MEASURES

With the support of Fundación Banco Santander, Fundación Global Nature has launched a project to restore dune ecosystems, with the cooperation of the regional administration of the Community of Valencia and the City Councils of the natural areas where the project is developed. The restoration includes 15 coastal areas and it is carried out through the following actions to improve the habitats: the removal of invasive alien plant species that obstacles the growth of native vegetation; placement of natural structures, called bardisas, to contain the sand; and finally native species plantations to improve the feeding of fauna and to fix the sand dunes.

Desde 1993 dedicados a la conservación de la naturaleza y la funcionalidad de los ecosistemas

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